ARPANET (Advanced Research Project Agency Network) was the original and first world-wide packet-switching network, originally created by a small team of research experts funded by DARPA in the United States Department of Defense. The basis of the academic research for ARPANET started with Paul Baran, a researcher from RAND, Inc., who would one day be considered one of the fathers of the Internet. In 1962, Baran suggested that a more robust communications network using redundancy and digital technology be designed. Although his idea was dismissed by many, Baran continued to work on developing the idea with colleagues at RAND. He envisioned a method of distributed communications wherein a network of unmanned nodes would serve as switches to route information from one node to another until the information reached its final destination. He later developed packet switching, a method of dividing information into "message blocks" before sending them out to a network. Each message block was to be sent separately and then rejoined as a whole when reaching the final destination. (Read the full article...)
A Name Collision describes the circumstance in which a term attempting to reach a private Domain Name results in resolving to a public Domain Name unintentionally. Private domain names are used in Intranets and in many corporations and organizations throughout the world. A domain name on a private network that matches a name in the public Internet can create security risks, confusion, and systems failure. Although the Name Collision issue is not new, a renewed interest in the issue came about in 2013 as ICANN's New gTLD Program was preparing to delegate hundreds of new domain names to the Root Zone. The topic was debated fiercely within the ICANN community when a report by Interisle Consulting was prepared for and released by ICANN.
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