|Headquarters:||Franzéngatan 5, |
112 51 Stockholm
| Kurt Erik Lindqvist, CEO|
Håkan Hellström, Operations Manager
Nurani Nimpuno, Outreach and Communications Manager
Netnod is a non-profit, independent Internet infrastructure organization based in Sweden. The company operates six Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) located in five major Swedish cities (Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo, Sundsvall and Luleå). Netnod handles among the highest amount of traffic per peer in Europe. It is fully IPv6 enabled.
Netnod also has hands-on experience in providing value added services like RIPE Internet Routing Registry (IRR); Bredbandskollen, which is a speed test service; DNS root server i.root-servers.net, which is the thirteenth ranked logical DNS Root Name Server; and distribution of Swedish official time through NTP (Network Time Protocol). It also provides anycast and unicast slave services to variety of TLDs worldwide with the help of its product DNSNODE.
- The first IXP in Sweden was set up in 1992 when three internet operators, the Swedish University’s Computer Network (SUNET), Telia, and Tele2, wanted to exchange traffic with each other. SUNET developed a neutral IXP based at Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH) in Stockholm to connect them all.
- In 1996, TU-Stiftelsen (Stiftelsen för Telematikens Utveckling) was founded to serve as an independent, stable, and common organisation for the operation of Sweden's critical Internet functionality.
- In 1997, TU-Stiftelsen formed the subsidiary Netnod AS to manage the Stockholm IXP.
- As the the Internet grew, Netnod formulated a second, independent exchange point in Stockholm in 1997.
- The Gothenberg exchange point was set up in 1998.
- In 1999, consultants of Netnod became active in the international Internet scene.
- In 2000 a subsidiary of Netnod was formed, named Autonomica. It focused on research and the smooth operation of .se’s slave servers at various exchange points. It also took over the responsibility of i.root-servers.net root name server from NORDUnet. Many of Netnod's services were offered by Autonomica.
- The Luleå exchange point was set up in 2003.
- In 2005, Netnod became fully DNSSEC capable, and began providing DNSSEC-enabled anycast services to .se. It was the first TLD in the world to deploy DNSSEC.
- In 2010, Autonomica and Netnod were merged, leaving Netnod as the single name. In 2009, Netnod built DWDM system at the Telecity to reduce the cost of connecting to Netnod.
- Recently, Netnod installed two route servers in Stockholm to ease the process of peering administration for the operators. Recently, Netnod installed two route servers in Stockholm to ease the process of peering administration for the operators.
Netnod is the largest IXP provider in Scandinavia and one of the oldest in Europe.
Netnod's exchange points are categorized under layer 2 service built on Gigabit Ethernet technology. The connections are offered at the speed of 10Gbps or 1Gbps. This mode of service is preferred by most consumers as it offers a robust and reliable Internet exchange infrastructure. It also involves the direct exchange of traffic, bringing down the cost of transit and private interconnections. Additionally, if traffic from own of Netnod's IXPs interacts with another of their IXPs, costs are further brought down, speed is considerably increased, and redundancy is reduced.
Netnod’s board is responsible for strategy planning and adopting measures for the achievement of long term goals, as well as ensuring that ongoing activities will lead to a positive outcome. It also deals with such practical matters as deciding the annual budget. Board members are appointed by the foundation who owns the company, TU-stiftelsen. Board meetings are held six times a year.
Partners and co-operation
Netnod partners with members of the worldwide Internet community as part of its mission, which is to work for the "Good of the Internet." A few of Netnod's many national, international and regional partners are: