Sunrise Period

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The Sunrise Period of domain registration is a special period during which trademark holders may preregister names that are the same or similar to their trademarks in order to avoid cybersquatting. This occurs prior to the general launch of the TLD.[1] In order to register, the group or individual must be able to prove their prior right to the name.[2] The Sunrise Period serves as a test period, and is followed by the Landrush Period and/or General Availability.[3]

Sunrise rules for the New gTLD Program

In October 2013, the Trademark Clearinghouse announced new rules for Sunrise periods for New gTLDs that were rolling out as part of the New gTLD Program. There are now two types of Sunrise Periods:

End Date Sunrise

In this type of Sunrise, the Registry can announce the Sunrise as late as the day the Sunrise starts, but must run the Sunrise for 60 days or more. Trademark owners will have the duration of the Sunrise period to submit a claim for a domain. At the end of the period, all the claims are registered by the Registry and auctions are conducted if there is more than one claim for the same domain. This type of Sunrise has significant benefits for rights holders.

Start Date Sunrise

In this type of Sunrise, the Registry must give 30-days notice before commencing the Sunrise. Once the Sunrise starts, it must run for only 30 days or more. Claims by trademark owners are processed on a first-come-first-served basis, so there is no need for auctions and domains are registered as claims are made during the Sunrise period. This type of Sunrise has so far been very rare among New gTLD strings, and has benefits for Registries while causing concerns for rights holders.[4]

Sunrise Auction

When two trademark owners both have legitimate claim to a given domain, these domains then go to auction.[5]

Chinese version of this page/本页中文版

优先期

域名注册的’’’优先期’’’是商标持有者可以预先注册与其商标相同或相似的名称,从而避免域名抢注的特殊时期。优先期的时间早于顶级域的总体推出时间。[6]为了能够注册,团体或个人必须能够证明其对某个名称的优先权。[7]优先权属于测试期,之后开放的是抢注期 以及/或者正常注册期。[8]

新通用顶级域项目的优先期规则

2013年10月,商标信息交换库宣布了将包含在新通用顶级域项目中的新通用顶级域优先期新规。优先期有两类:

结束日期优先期

在这种优先期中,注册局可以在迟至优先期开始的那天宣布优先期,但是这种优先期必须开放60天或以上。商标所有者在优先期持续期间提交对一个域名的索求。在优先期结束时,所有的索求都由注册局登记,如果对相同域名的索求超过一个,则要通过竞拍来解决。这种优先期明显有利于权限所有者。

开始日期优先期

在这种优先期中,注册局必须在优先期开始前30天给出通知。一旦优先期开始,优先期必须只持续30天或以上。商标所有者的索求按照先到先得的原则进行处理,因此,无需进行竞拍就可以注册域名因为索求已经在优先期提出。目前为止,新通用顶级域字符串中极少使用这种优先期,它对注册局有利,却会使权限所有者产生担忧。[9]

优先期竞拍

如果两个商标所有者对某个域名都拥有合法的索求,那么这类域名就需要通过竞拍解决。[10]


Chinese translation of this page provided thanks to TLD Registry Ltd.

References

  1. Minds + Machines Sunrise Period
  2. .eu Sunrise Facts
  3. Minds + Machines Landrush Period
  4. First Come First Served Sunrise Periods On the Cards, DomainIncite Retrieved 24 Jan 2014
  5. XXX Sunrise Auctions Delayed After 80k Applications, DomainIncite.com
  6. Minds + Machines Sunrise Period
  7. .eu Sunrise Facts
  8. Minds + Machines Landrush Period
  9. First Come First Served Sunrise Periods On the Cards, DomainIncite Retrieved 24 Jan 2014
  10. XXX Sunrise Auctions Delayed After 80k Applications, DomainIncite.com